Csáji, B. Cs.; Horváth, B.: Nonparametric, Nonasymptotic Confidence Bands with Paley-Wiener Kernels for Band-Limited Functions, IEEE Control Systems Letters (L-CSS), IEEE Press, Vol. 6, 2022, pp. 3355–3360

This letter introduces a method to construct confidence bands for bounded, band-limited functions based on a finite sample of input-output pairs. The approach is distribution-free w.r.t. the observation noises and only the knowledge of the input distribution is assumed. It is nonparametric, that is, it does not require a parametric model of the regression function and the regions have non-asymptotic guarantees. The algorithm is based on the theory of Paley-Wiener reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces. This letter first studies the fully observable variant, when there are no noises on the observations and only the inputs are random; then it generalizes the ideas to the noisy case using gradient-perturbation methods. Finally, numerical experiments demonstrating both cases are presented.